Literature of Jain Philosophy and Agamas. Brief introduction Jain Agamas: One who establishes a ‘Tirtha’ is ‘Tirthankaras’. Tirtha also means first ‘Gandhara’. jEn; a;g;m;;e• • • • • • Sv;et;;]b;r m;Ut;I*p;Ujk – s;v;* m;;ny;. âå p;Uv;* an;e â a. Agamas are texts of Digambara Jainism based on the discourses of the tirthankara. . Translations into modern languages such as English, Hindi and Gujarati.
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Agamas are texts of Jainism based on the discourses of the tirthankara. It is generally represented by a tree with twelve branches. These are believed to have originated from Rishabhanathathe first tirthankara.
Jain Agamas (Digambara)
The earliest versions of Jain Agamas known were guiarati in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit. Agama is a Sanskrit word which signifies the ‘coming’ of a body of doctrine by means of transmission through a lineage of authoritative teachers. These scriptures are said to have contained the most comprehensive and accurate description of every branch of learning that one needs to know.
While some authors date the composition of Jain Agamas starting from the jqin century BCE,  noted Indologist Hermann Jacobi holds that the composition of the Jaina siddhanta would fall somewhere about the end of the 4th or the beginning of the 3rd century BC. However, with guuarati, it became difficult to keep the entire Jain literature committed to memory.
Predicting a 12 year long famine, Bhadrabahu went south to Karnataka with his adherents  and Sthulabhadraanother Jain monk remained behind. During this time the knowledge of the doctrine was getting lost. A council was formed at Pataliputra where eleven scriptures called Angas were compiled and the remnant of fourteen purvas were written down in 12th Anga, Ditthivaya by the adherents of Sthulbhadra. Due to the twelve years of famine it was extremely difficult for the Jain ascetics to preserve the entire canonical literature.
The Purvas or the ancient texts were already forgotten and lost after the famine. According to Svetambara tradition, the agamas were collected on the basis of collective memory of the ascetics in the first council of Pataliputra under the stewardship of Sthulibhadra in around to — BC.
In or CE that the Vallabhi council of the Svetambara Jain monks recompiled the Agamas and recorded them as written manuscripts under the leadership of Acharya Shraman Devardhigani along with other Jain scholars. The existing Svetambara texts are based on the Vallabhi council texts.
Digambaras reject the authority of the Agamas compiled at Valabhi. The knowledge of Shruta-Jnanakn be of things which are contained in the Angas Limbs or sacred Jain books or of things outside the Angas.
The Agamas were composed of the following forty-six texts: The Jain literature includes both religious texts and books on generally aagm topics such as sciences, history, and grammar. The Jains have used several languages at different times and in different regions of India. The earliest versions of Jain Agamas known were written in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit language.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ethics of Jainism Sallekhana. Diwali Mahavir Jayanti Paryushana Samvatsari.
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Languages of Jain literature. Jainp. Encyclopedia of Jainism Edited by Nagendra Kr. Sacred Books of the East vol. Edited by Ian Whicher and David Carpenter. State University of New York Press. Fourteen Purvas The Prior Knowledge — considered totally lost. Digambara monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya. Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism.
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